Six Degrees: The Science of a Connected Age

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W. W. Norton & Company #ad - Whether they bind computers, networks are everywhere in the real world, economies, or terrorist organizations, yet only recently have scientists attempted to explain their mysterious workings. From epidemics of disease to outbreaks of market madness, watts weaves together a network of discoveries across an array of disciplines to tell the story of an explosive new field of knowledge, from people searching for information to firms surviving crisis and change, the people who are building it, from the structure of personal relationships to the technological and social choices of entire societies, and his own peculiar path in forging this new science.

Six Degrees: The Science of a Connected Age #ad - The pioneering young scientist whose work on the structure of small worlds has triggered an avalanche of interest in networks. In this remarkable book, one of the principal architects of network theory, Duncan Watts, sets out to explain the innovative research that he and other scientists are spearheading to create a blueprint of our connected planet.

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It All Adds Up: The Story of People and Mathematics

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William Collins #ad - With clarity, passion and wisdom, the author unveils the unexpected and at times serendipitous ways in which big mathematical ideas were created. It all adds up also tells the story of how mapping the trajectory of an eclipse has helped to trace the precise day of one of the oldest battles in history, how the course of the modern-day Greenwich Meridian was established, and why negative numbers were accepted just last century.

This book is a vital compendium of the great men and women of mathematics from Aristotle to Ada Lovelace, which demonstrates how mathematics shaped the written word and the world. It is a journey into numbers with Launay as a guide. Supporting the belief that – just like music or literature – maths should be accessible to everyone, Launay will inspire a new fondness for the numbers that surround us and the rich stories they contain.

It All Adds Up: The Story of People and Mathematics #ad - The story of our best invention yet. From our ability to calculate the passing of time to the algorithms that control computers and much else in our lives, numbers are everywhere. In museums, he uses the objects around us to explain what art can reveal about geometry, monuments or train stations, how Babylonian scholars developed one of the first complex written languages, and how ‘Arabic’ numbers were adopted from India.

They are so indispensable that we forget how fundamental they are to our way of life. In this international bestseller, Mickaël Launay mixes history and anecdotes from around the world to reveal how mathematics became pivotal to the story of humankind. Fascinating … so enlightening that suddenly maths doesn’t seem so fearsome as it once did’ SIMON WINCHESTERFrom Aristotle to Ada Lovelace: a brief history of the mathematical ideas that have forever changed the world and the everyday people and pioneers behind them.

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The Dance of Time: The Origins of the Calendar

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Arcade #ad - Did you know that the ancient romans left sixty days of winter out of their calendar, freya, eostre, then friday belongs to his faithful wife, queen of the norse gods? that the name easter may derive from the Anglo-Saxon goddess of spring, hence the tendency for months with an odd number of days? That robed and bearded druids from the Celts stand behind our New Year’s figure of Father Time? That if Thursday is Thor’s day, then from the Celtic and Germanic peoples in the North, considering these two months a dead time of lurking terror and therefore better left unnamed? That they had a horror of even numbers, whose consort was a hare, our Easter Bunny? Three streams of history created the Western calendar—first from the Sumerians, and finally from Palestine with the rise of Christianity.

Michael judge teases out the contributions of each stream to the shape of the calendar, to the days and holidays, and to associated lore. In them, when the rhythms of man and woman matched those of earth and sky, he finds glimpses of a way of seeing before the mechanical time of clocks, and the sacred was born.

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Chancing It: The Laws of Chance and How They Can Work for You

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Skyhorse #ad - Fortunately, advances in math and science have revealed the laws of chance, and understanding those laws can help in your everyday life. In chancing it, award-winning scientist and writer Robert Matthews shows how to understand the laws of probability and use them to your advantage. He gives you access to some of the most potent intellectual tools ever developed and explains how to use them to guide your judgments and decisions.

Chancing It: The Laws of Chance and How They Can Work for You #ad - By the end of the book, you will know:how to understand and even predict coincidenceswhen an insurance policy is worth havingWhy “expert” predictions are often misleadingHow to tell when a scientific claim is a breakthrough or baloneyWhen it makes sense to place a bet on anything from sports to stock marketsA groundbreaking introduction to the power of probability, Chancing It will sharpen your decision-making and maximize your luck.

. Make your own luck by understanding probabilityOver the years, some very smart people have thought they understood the rules of chance?only to fail dismally. Whether you call it probability, or uncertainty, risk, the workings of chance often defy common sense.

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The Art of Philosophizing: And Other Essays

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Philosophical Library/Open Road #ad - The essays in this little volume, published here for the first time in book form, were written by Bertrand Russell during the Second World War when he was less concerned with the stormy issues of nuclear warfare and the containment of Communist aggression and more with “the art of reckoning” in the fields of mathematics, logic and philosophy.

Three essays on mathematics, logic, and philosophy from the Noble Prize–winning author of A History of Western Philosophy. The simplicity of russell’s exposition is astonishing, as is his ability to get to the core of the great philosophical issues and to skillfully probe the depth of philosophical analysis.

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The Constants of Nature: The Numbers That Encode the Deepest Secrets of the Universe

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Vintage #ad - But he also suggests that the basic forces may have been radically different during the universe’s infancy, and suggests that they may continue a deeply hidden evolution. Reality as we know it is bound by a set of constants—numbers and values that dictate the strengths of forces like gravity, the speed of light, and the masses of elementary particles.

The Constants of Nature: The Numbers That Encode the Deepest Secrets of the Universe #ad - Perhaps most tantalizingly, Barrow theorizes about the realities that might one day be found in a universe with different parameters than our own. Drawing on physicists such as Einstein and Planck, Barrow illustrates with stunning clarity our dependence on the steadfastness of these principles. In the constants of Nature, Cambridge Professor and bestselling author John D.

Barrow takes us on an exploration of these governing principles.

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Citizen Coke: The Making of Coca-Cola Capitalism

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W. W. Norton & Company #ad - Citizen Coke: The Making of Coca-Cola Capitalism #ad - Coke became a giant in a world of abundance but is now embattled in a world of scarcity, its products straining global resources and fueling crises in public health. Citizen coke demostrates a complete lack of understanding about…the Coca-Cola system—past and present. Ted ryan, the coca-cola companyby examining “the real thing” ingredient by ingredient, market muscle, this brilliant history shows how Coke used a strategy of outsourcing and leveraged free public resources, and lobbying power to build a global empire on the sale of sugary water.

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Scientific Discovery from the Brilliant to the Bizarre: The Doctor Who Weighed the Soul, and Other True Tales

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Arcade #ad - He touches on topics from lightning to corsets and from alchemy to Frankenstein and water babies, but he may not claim the last word on the weight of the soul! But other, light, and such things as the discovery of electricity, and energy, no less fanciful experiments and ideas led to the fundamentals of our understanding of movement, heat, and the structure of DNA; improved engines; and the invention of computers.

As in his previous book, fisher uses personal stories and examples from everyday life, as well as humor, to make the science accessible. Winner of the ignobel prize in physics and the 2004 american Institute of Physics Science Writing Award, Len Fisher showed just how much fun science can be in his enthusiastically praised debut, How to Dunk a Doughnut.

Scientific Discovery from the Brilliant to the Bizarre: The Doctor Who Weighed the Soul, and Other True Tales #ad - One experiment, and a dying man, involving a bed, platform scales, seemed to prove that the soul weighed the same as a slice of bread. In this new work, he reveals that science sometimes takes a path through the ridiculous and the bizarre to discover that Nature often simply does not follow common sense.

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Electric Universe: How Electricity Switched on the Modern World

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Broadway Books #ad - Here too is alan turing, whose dream of a marvelous thinking machine—what we know as the computer—was met with indifference, and who ended his life in despair after British authorities forced him to undergo experimental treatments to “cure” his homosexuality. Then, in the 1790s, alessandro Volta began the scientific investigation that ignited an explosion of knowledge and invention.

The bestselling author of e=mc2 weaves tales of romance, divine inspiration, and fraud through an account of the invisible force that permeates our universe—electricity—and introduces us to the virtuoso scientists who plumbed its secrets. In harnessing its power, we have created a world of wonders—complete with roller coasters and radar, computer networks and psychopharmaceuticals.

Electric Universe: How Electricity Switched on the Modern World #ad - In electric universe, who struggled against the prejudices of the british class system, before inventing the telegraph, and Samuel Morse, a painter who, including the visionary Michael Faraday, the great discoverers come to life in all their brilliance and idiosyncrasy, ran for mayor of New York City on a platform of persecuting Catholics.

From the frigid waters of the atlantic to the streets of Hamburg during a World War II firestorm to the interior of the human body, Electric Universe is a mesmerizing journey of discovery. The force that once seemed inconsequential was revealed to be responsible for everything from the structure of the atom to the functioning of our brains.

. For centuries, electricity was seen as little more than a curious property of certain substances that sparked when rubbed.

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Comet

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Ballantine Books #ad - . Pulitzer prize-winning astronomer carl sagan, nature, and future of comets, and writer Ann Druyan explore the origin, author of Cosmos and Contact, and the exotic myths and portents attached to them. A beautiful, interesting book. United press International"Masterful. What are these graceful visitors to our skies? We now know that they bring both life and death and teach us about our origins.

Comet #ad - Comet begins with a breathtaking journey through space astride a comet. The authors show how comets have spurred some of the great discoveries in the history of science and raise intriguing questions about these brilliant visitors from the interstellar dark. Were the fates of the dinosaurs and the origins of humans tied to the wanderings of a comet? Are comets the building blocks from which worlds are formed?Lavishly illustrated with photographs and specially commissioned full-color paintings, Comet is an enthralling adventure, indispensable for anyone who has ever gazed up at the heavens and wondered why.

Praise for Comet"Simply the best. The times of London"Fascinating, evocative, inspiring. The washington Post"Comet humanizes science. Science, poetry, and imagination. The atlanta Journal & Constitution.

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The transHuman Code: How To Program Your Future

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Greenleaf Book Group Press #ad - Humans have been able to adapt, morph, and compromise in every situation we have faced over the centuries and have been able to maintain dominance. A humanitarian approach to a technologically innovative futurein the transhuman code, authors Carlos Moreira and David Fergusson ask, “Are we building a better future for humanity with the help of magnificent technology or are we instead building a better future of better technology at the expense of humanity?” We must learn to put humanity first instead of getting caught up in the promise of technological advancement.

The transHuman Code: How To Program Your Future #ad - Moreira and fergusson examine how humans can maintain the uniqueness and the humanity in this brave new world. The transhuman code tries to center humanity in the emerging tension between a human-controlled or a machine-controlled world. We must approach the promises of technology with the same adaptability.

What the authors propose is that if we start the design of the transHuman future from a human perspective, making sure that technology will inspire revolution or evolution, then we can ensure humanity continues to thrive.

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